How do I choose what welding process to use?
If you need to weld outdoors.
- Usually Stick welding is used since its more portable and the wind won’t blow the shielding gas away.
- Sometimes Flux core welding is also used as shielding gas does not have to be moved around and wind does not affect it as much as MIG welding.
If you have long welds to make indoors.
- The preferred method is usually MIG welding but requires the base metals to be fairly clean.
If you need to weld on a lot of different base metals.
- Stick welding is usually preferred as its quick and easy to change out the stick electrode and go from welding stainless steel, to mild steel or whatever the need may be.
If I want to weld on aluminum.
- Most will prefer MIG welding with a spool gun and some will prefer TIG welding. MIG welding is faster but TIG welding can be more precise and provide higher quality welds.
How do I choose a stick electrode?
Each stick electrode has certain characteristics that make it better for certain situations.
For mild steel and carbon steel.
- E6011 is a fairly common, deep penetrating rod that works well for most steel applications but may not provide the best looking weld.
- E6013 is a rod designed for welding in almost any position and is easy to strike and maintain an arc.
- E7104 is an easy to strike rod and provides a nice looking weld. A good rod for beginners. This rod is best for welding in a flat position.
- E7018 is a more difficult rod to strike an arc but can produce very high quality welds for more critical or structural welds.
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